Severing, Carl

(1875-1952)
   politician; Prussian Interior Minister during most of the Republic. Born to a working-class home in Herford, he apprenticed as a locksmith before joining the SPD and the metalworkers union in 1893. Settling in Bielefeld, he became business manager for both the local SPD and the union. He sat in the city council during 1905-1924 and entered the Reichs-tag* in 1907, serving initially until 1912. During 1912-1919 he edited Volks-wacht, Bielefeld s SPD newspaper.*
   Severing was a moderate who championed SPD efforts to work with the imperial regime in World War I. Subsequent to involvement with Bielefeld s Workers and Soldiers Council,* he mediated a coal miners strike in the Ruhr. It symbolizes his renown, but also the putschists detachment from reality, that Wolfgang Kapp* considered him for the Economics Ministry in March 1920. After the Kapp Putsch Severing, as Reichskommissar for Prussia,* negotiated the so-called Bielefeld Agreement that ended a workers uprising in the Ruhr. But the ruthless suppression by the military of those who rejected his compro-mise damaged his reputation with the trade unions* and instilled in him a lasting suspicion of the military.
   Severing s efforts at curbing the Ruhr crisis led Otto Braun,* Prussia s Prime Minister, to invite him to become Interior Minister. He retained the portfolio (with a brief interruption) until 1926 and held it again during 1930-1932. Mean-while, he was elected to the National Assembly* and sat in the Reichstag during 1920-1933, holding a concurrent mandate in the Prussian Landtag. In 1928-1930 he was Reich Interior Minister.
   Severing was a hard worker and a superb speaker, but his pragmatism left him little time for socialist theory. He was a proponent of the idea that the SPD should govern in coalition with the moderate bourgeois parties; his paramount goal was bolstering the Republic. Prussia, he argued, should serve as a model for democracy. He purged the civil service,* principally the police force, by replacing monarchists with supporters of the Republic—always aiming to widen the social and religious background of the bureaucracy. Ever fearful of para-military units, he quickly responded to potential insurrection on both the Right and the Left. He banned the NSDAP in Prussia in November 1922, dissolved the KPD s Proletarian Hundreds in August 1923, and was pivotal in inducing the Reich government to ban the SA* in April 1932. While he was pained at using paramilitary groups to combat antidemocratic organizations, he supported the Reichsbanner.*
   After Franz von Papen s* coup against the caretaker government of Braun and Severing, it was largely Severing who maintained that resistance was not simply hopeless but might provoke civil war. Surprisingly, given his hostility to the NSDAP, he was only briefly incarcerated during the Third Reich. From April 1947 he represented the SPD, this time in the Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Liang, Berlin Police Force; Orlow, Weimar Prussia, 1918-1925, Weimar Prussia, 1925-1933.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Severing, Carl — ▪ German politician born June 1, 1875, Herford, Ger. died July 23, 1952, Bielefeld, W.Ger.       German politician who was a leading member of the Social Democratic Party during the Weimar Republic and longtime minister of interior of Prussia… …   Universalium

  • Severing — 1928 Carl Wilhelm Severing (* 1. Juni 1875 in Herford; † 23. Juli 1952 in Bielefeld) war ein sozialdemokratischer Politiker. Er galt als Vertreter des rechten Parteiflügels. Über Jahrzehnte kam ihm im Parteibezirk Ostwestfalen und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Severing — Severing,   Carl, Politiker, * Herford 1. 6. 1875, ✝ Bielefeld 23. 7. 1952; Schlosser; Mitglied der SPD, zunächst Gewerkschaftssekretär, dann Redakteur der sozialdemokratischen »Volkswacht«, 1907 12 und 1920 33 Mitglied des Reichstags, 1919 20… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Carl — Karl, auch in der Schreibweise Carl, ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Namenstag 3 Varianten 4 Bekannte Namensträger 4.1 Adlige …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Severing — Severing 1928 Carl Wilhelm Severing (* 1. Juni 1875 in Herford; † 23. Juli 1952 in Bielefeld) war ein sozialdemokratischer Politiker. Er galt als Vertreter des rechten Parteiflügels. Über Jahrzehnte kam ihm im Parteibezi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Severing — Carl Wilhelm Severing (1 June, 1875ndash 23 July, 1952) was a German Social Democrat politician during the Weimar era.He was Interior Minister of Prussia from 1920 to 1926, Minister of the Interior from 1928 to 1930 and Interior Minister of… …   Wikipedia

  • Carl Falck — (* 1884 in Kaldenkirchen; † 1947) war ein deutscher Verwaltungsjurist. Er war Mitglied der DDP. Leben Nach bestandenem Staatsexamen und anschließender Referendarzeit war Falck von 1912 16 als Staatsanwalt in Berlin tätig, daran anschließend… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl Severing — Severing 1928 Carl Wilhelm Severing (* 1. Juni 1875 in Herford; † 23. Juli 1952 in Bielefeld) war ein sozialdemokratischer Politiker. Er galt als Vertreter des rechten Parteiflügels. Über Jahrzehnte kam ihm im Parteibezirk Ostwestfalen und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rudolf Carl von Slatin — Major General Rudolf Anton Carl Freiherr von Slatin, Geh. Rat, GCVO, KCMG, CB [1] (June 7, 1857, Ober Sankt Veit, Hietzing, Vienna – October 4, 19 …   Wikipedia

  • Зеверинг, Карл — (Severing, Carl) (1875 1952) социал демократический министр внутренних дел Пруссии и начальник прусской полиции между 1919 и 1926 годами, и снова в 1930 32 годах. Потерял власть в результате путча фон Папена в июле 1932 года …   Исторический справочник русского марксиста

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.